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Birthplace of Democracy - Footsteps of Socrates

Description

This is a 3 hours walking tour ! Democracy can be traced back from the present day to classical Athens in the 6th century B.C.E. democracy is a type of political system, or a system of decision-making within an institution, organization, etc., in which all members have the right to take part or vote. In modern representative democracy, this formal equality is embodied primarily in the right to vote. Athens is regarded as the birthplace of democracy and it is considered an important reference point of democracy. Athens emerged in the 7th century BCE, like many other poleis, with a dominating powerful aristocracy.[31] However, this domination led to exploitation, causing significant economic, political, and social problems. These problems were exacerbated early in the sixth century and as "the many were enslaved to few, the people rose against the notables”. At the same period in the Greek world, many traditional aristocracies were disrupted by popular revolutions, like Sparta in the second half of the 7th century BCE. Sparta's constitutional reforms by Lycurgus introduced a hoplite state and showed how inherited governments can be changed and lead to military victory. After a period of unrest between the rich and the poor, the Athenians of all classes turned to Solon to act as a mediator between rival factions, and reached a generally satisfactory solution to their problems.

Itinerary

The tour is starting at Metro Station Acropoli at 09:30 and continue heading to Philopappos Hill which located south west of Acropolis. The area around Philopappos hill contains very interesting historic sights. You will visit the Hill of the Muses, according to the myth the ancient Greeks believed  that the hill was inhabited by the 9 Muses, and that Musaeus, a poet and disciple of Orpheus was buried here. The Pnyx a hill north of the Philipappos is the birthplace of democracy. This  was the place where from 508 BC on, when Athens became a democracy citizens assembled  ten times a year to listento orators and take political decisions. The great statesman Pericles , Themistocles and Demosthenis the great philosopher Socrates have spoken to the Athenians from here. You will also visit the Hill of the Nymphs, the Deme of Melite, the ancient Tomb of Kimoneia and the Prison of Socrates. Listen to the story of the dialogue between the greatest Philosopher Socrates and his friend Crito, regarding justice, injustice and the appropriate response to injustice. This conversation takes place here into Socrates prison cell where he awaits execution. You will also visit the  mausoleum and the monument on the top of Philopappos hill which are dedicated to Gaius Julius Antiochus Epiphanes Philopappos aprince from the kingdom of Commagene. The tour end at the Metro Station  Acropoli.

Pickup

-Pick up will be at 09:30 AM the exit of metro station "Acropolis"- Makrigianni 

*Your guide will wait for you holding a sign board with your name on it 

Dropoff

-The tour end at the Metro Station  Acropoli-Makrigianni

Things to bring

-Printed voucher 

-Photo / Video camera 

-Comfortable shoes / cloths 

Inclusions

- Athens map 

- Professional english speaking local guide 

Exclusions

- Entrance fees ( in case of visiting from inside) 
- Food and beverages
- Hotel pick up and drop off
- Gratuities

Cancellation

Cancellations more then a week in advance only administration costs of 15%
Cancellation between a week and 48 hours prior to departure date: 50% of the total amount
Cancellation less than 48 hours prior to departure date : 100% of the total amount
No show: no restitution

Additional Info

* Available daily upon the request

* The tour is on English language ( other languages available upon the request - please send us an e-mail) 

* Duration of the tour is 3 hours 

* We accept the booking made at least 48 hours prior the tour 

* Minimum persons to book this tour is minimum 2 and maximum 20 

Duration: 2 hours 

Price ( 1 person) :  35 eur 

Price( 2-20 persons) : 25 eur per person